Mapuche is one of first nation how live in Chilean and Argentine territory. Archaeological finds have shown the existence of a Mapuche culture in Chile as early as 600 to 500 BC. Mapuche Culture is very wise and ancient, the contextion with the land and the ancesters, the respect and the traditions are vital elements in our lifes.
Spanish conquers arrive to Mapuche territory around 1541, and the war longed around 350 years.
There are several ceremonies, some for health, celebrations and improve abilities. beetween the more important are:
We-new; trip-travel; antu-sun. is translate as the "new cycle around the sun". Celebrate every Winter Solstice, where the Mapuche as part of the nature, create diferent ceremonies for the new life, the kids who became adults, must complete tests and recieve advice from their grandfathers.
Machi-People in charge to health and spiritual advice; tun-interaction. Ceremonies are used to health spiritually and physically to the mapuche. In this ceremonies, the Machi goes to the spiritual word, helped by his Kultrun (drum) Machi enters the trance and spirit of Machi speaks through her, saying the disease and method to heal.
Game where 2 or more communities, played in a field of 100 meters x 10 meters, usually played to resolve conflicts between communities and take decisions. Always the local community, welcomes visitors at home, where they fed and gave a place to sleep. at the next day, the Palifes (players) play in the field with strength and bravery to show who are the best team. If the game was to fix conflicts, the winner team has the right to make the last desition for the conflict, but always with wisdom .
According to tests, Mapuche people are the 9.9% of the population in Chile (2012) and the 50% lives in the capital (Santiago) that's why are several Indigenous Organizations, who looks to keep the traditions, ceremonies, lenguage and culture. The biggest challenge is the constitutional recognition, the discrimination, maintain the language and strengthen the identity.